Vice Admiral Pradeep Chauhan AVSM & Bar, VSM (Retd)

Vice Admiral Pradeep Chauhan AVSM & Bar, VSM (Retd)

Director General

Experience: An alumnus of the National Defence Academy, the Defence Services Staff College, the Naval War College, and the National Defence College, with BSc, MSc and MPhil degrees under his belt, Vice Admiral Pradeep Chauhan, AVSM & Bar, VSM, is currently the Director-General of the National Maritime Foundation, New Delhi, which is India’s foremost resource centre for the development and advocacy of strategies for the promotion and protection of India’s maritime interests.   

The admiral retired on 30 November 2013 after an illustrious, rich, and varied four-decade-long career in the Executive Branch of the Indian Navy.  This included a stint in Antarctica, as also a three-year deputation to the Government of  Mauritius, where he set up and commanded the Mauritius National Coast Guard.  His sea-going service incorporates as many as four command-appointments.  After doing the 42nd NDC, he was the Principal Director of National Operations and thereafter went on to command the Indian Navy’s sole aircraft carrier of that period, the Viraat.  As a Rear Admiral, he was the Navy’s first Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Foreign Cooperation & Intelligence), where he conceptualised and executed the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS).  As a Vice Admiral, he has been Chief of Staff of the Western Naval Command; and was, in his last naval appointment before retirement, the Commandant of the Indian Naval Academy (Ezhimala).  He has been commended three times by the President of India for sustained distinguished service.  Not one to rest on past laurels, he has remained active even after retirement and is a much sought-after thought-leader and leadership mentor.  Apart from being on the visiting faculty of the higher-command establishments of all three of India’s defence services, as also tri-Service establishments such as the College of Defence Management, Hyderabad and the National Defence College, New Delhi, he has also been advising the government through his interaction with the Integrated Headquarters of the Ministry of Defence (Navy), the Ministry of External Affairs, and the National Security Council Secretariat.  He is, in addition, a prolific writer with over 95 published professional articles and papers, and, a respected Adviser and Fellow of several important think-tanks.

All Publications

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THE VANILLA ISLANDS — POTENTIAL FOR A ‘PLURALISTIC SECURITY COMMUNITY’

Author: The expression “Vanilla Islands” is a colloquialism that has been gaining currency since 2010 and is used to collectively describe a group of six exotic island-States (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion, and Seychelles) that are strategically located in the western Indian Ocean.  Basic maritime geographical statistics of these island-States are tabulated in Table 1: Of […]
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THE EUROPEAN UNION, INDIA, AND THE INDO-PACIFIC: INSIGHTS FOR STRATEGIC, PRIVILEGED AND SUSTAINED PARTNERSHIPS

Author:   In the present century, the Indo-Pacific region has emerged as a seedbed of both confrontation and cooperation.  Outside of the moves and countermoves of the USA and China are two other major players, namely, the EU and India.  Concerted actions by the two actors have, until recently, been mostly half-hearted and, consequently, the public […]
REFLECTIONS ON INDIA’S VIKRANT-CENTRIC CARRIER BATTLE GROUP
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REFLECTIONS ON INDIA’S VIKRANT-CENTRIC CARRIER BATTLE GROUP

Author: The successful completion of the five-day sea trials (from 04 to 08 August 2021) of the long-delayed indigenous aircraft carrier, the new Vikrant, is a seminal event and one that has been justifiably met with elation and a palpable sense of maritime pride.[1]  “Maritime” is quite clearly the prevailing geopolitical flavour.  On the very next […]
rsz_ins-vela-indian-navy-launches-fourth-scorpene-class-submarine-vela-in-mumbai
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PEERING DOWN THE HATCH: A QUICK PEEK AT INDIA’S SUBMARINE-WORLD

Author:  A Hindi translation of this article has been published in the April-May 2021 issue of “Defence Monitor” (Vol 9, Issue-4), a leading Hindi language defence magazine published in India.  This English version is published with permission of the Editor, Defence Monitor.   In July of 2020, Indian troops forcefully reminded their Chinese counterparts in eastern […]
https://maritimeindia.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/VAdm-Pradeep-Chauhan-Rajesh-Soami-Enhancing-Australia-India-Ties-through-Maritime-Trade-.pdf
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ENHANCING INDIA-AUSTRALIA TIES THROUGH MARITIME TRADE

Author: This article launches the NMF’s advocacy for closer India-Australia economic and strategic ties and argues that the synchronisation of bilateral maritime trade may hold the key to future growth in the relationship between these two critical Indo-Pacific powers and members of the QUAD.  With the India-Australia bilateral Strategic Partnership (concluded in 2009) having been elevated […]
UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION CABLES: VULNERABILITIES AND PROTECTIVE MEASURES RELEVANT TO INDIA PART-2
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UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION CABLES: VULNERABILITIES AND PROTECTIVE MEASURES RELEVANT TO INDIA PART-2

Author: This is the second and concluding part of an article on submarine communications cable systems relevant to India.  Part-1 focussed upon providing an overview of these systems and the vulnerabilities to which they are subject.  This concluding segment not only highlights the inadequate protection that these systems receive under international law but also under India’s […]
UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION CABLES: VULNERABILITIES AND PROTECTIVE MEASURES RELEVANT TO INDIA PART-1
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UNDERWATER COMMUNICATION CABLES: VULNERABILITIES AND PROTECTIVE MEASURES RELEVANT TO INDIA PART-1

Author: This two-part article aims to provide Indian policy-makers and lay readers alike with an overview of submarine communications cable systems in India, highlighting their criticality, their vulnerabilities, and the inadequate protection they receive under national and international law.  This piece also speaks directly to authorities within the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard, as […]
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AFTER “MALABAR 2020”, WHAT? — NEXT STEPS IN CONSOLIDATING OUR MARITIME SPACE

Author: The 2020 edition (the 24th in the series) of the combined naval exercise MALABAR has finally been restored to its expanded format involving combat platforms and personnel drawn from the navies of all four members of the Quad.  Quite apart from the renewed invitation-to and acceptance-by the Royal Australian Navy — after a gap of […]
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THE VIRAAT SAGA: REQUIEM FOR AN EAGLE

Author: With the Viraat’s sad and silent movement from her berth within the Naval Dockyard (Mumbai) to the shipbreaking yard at Alang, an era has drawn to an end… the inevitable endpoint of an apathetic populace and an uncaring succession of governments, both at the Centre and the state-level.  A dreadful sadness chills one’s spirit at […]
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HYDROGEN FUEL ADOPTION: AN OCEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY APPROACH   PART 5: HYDROGEN-FUEL — THE OPTION-OF-CHOICE FOR INDIA

Author: This is the fifth and final segment of the NMF’s five-part advocacy[1] of the adoption of hydrogen derived from Ocean Renewable Energy Resources (ORER) and the adoption of this hydrogen-fuel, instead of fossil-fuels, for India’s maritime-transport and port sectors.  It builds upon the strength of the preceding part (Part 4), which had demonstrated that far […]
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HYDROGEN FUEL ADOPTION: AN OCEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY APPROACH   PART 4: HYDROGEN-FUEL FROM ‘ORER’ — A HYBRID SOLUTION FOR MARITIME ACTIVITY

Author: This is the fourth and penultimate tranche of the NMF’s ongoing effort to provide Indian policy-makers with a compelling set of arguments to not only support ocean renewable energy resources (ORER) as an economically viable and ecologically sustainable option to supplement solar and onshore wind energy, but to specifically adopt hydrogen-fuel derived from the oceans […]
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IMPACT OF COVID-19 AND OTHER VIRAL OUTBREAKS ON BOARD SHIPS

Author: Introduction On 12 March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak was a pandemic[1]. Two significant concerns were — and remain — first, the speed and scale of transmission, and second, the evidence-based belief that some countries were not handling the threat with the desired level of political commitment.[2] With reports […]
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PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF INDIA’S CRITICAL MARITIME INFRASTRUCTURE: PART 3: MARITIME TRANSPORT: SHIPPING

Author: India defines Critical Sectors as those that are critical to the nation and whose incapacity or destruction will have a debilitating impact on national security, economy, public health or safety. This is the third of a series of articles dealing with the physical protection of India’s critical maritime-infrastructure.  The first one, published in November 2019 […]