Captain Himadri Das

Captain Himadri Das

Senior Fellow
  • csmda.nmf@gmail.com

Areas of Research

  • Coastal and offshore security
  • Maritime terrorism
  • Piracy and armed robbery
  • Maritime Domain Awareness/ Information Sharing
  • Maritime Security
  • Maritime Security Law
  • Maritime Security Governance

Experience

Captain Himadri Das graduated from the Naval Academy, Goa and was commissioned into the Indian Navy on 01 July 1994. He is a Navigation and Direction (ND) specialist and has served onboard Indian Navy ships as Navigating Officer and with Indian Naval Air Squadron 300 as Direction Officer. The officer has also held instructional tenures at the Naval Academy, Navigation and Direction (ND) School, and as Staff Officer (ND) at Local Work Up Team (West). He has served at the Maritime Doctrine and Concept Centre (MDCC) of the Indian Navy and has been closely associated with the doctrinal development programme of the Indian Navy having steered as the lead author/ editor/ contributor to several doctrinal publications at the strategic, operational and tactical levels on a range of subjects, including the apex-level strategy document: Ensuring Secure Seas: Indian Maritime Security Strategy. Prior to joining NMF, he has served at the Integrated Headquarters of the Ministry of Defence (Navy) from April 2013 to August 2020.

Education

  • Pursuing PhD (Defence and Strategic Studies) from Naval War College (Goa)/ Mumbai University, Mumbai. Thesis titled ‘Maritime Security Governance in India: Imperatives for Reform’
  • MPhil in Defence and National Security Studies from Panjab University, Chandigarh. Dissertation titled ‘Strengthening Coastal Security of India: Policy Imperatives’
  • MA (International Relations) from Annamalai University/ UGC National Eligibility Test (International and Area Studies)
  • MSc (Nautical Science & Tactical Operations) from Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT)
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Advanced Maritime Laws from NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Business Administration (Human Resource Management) from Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning
  • Diploma in Cyber Law from Asian School of Cyber Laws & Government Law College, Mumbai
  • BSc (Special) from Naval Academy (Goa)/ Goa University

Presentations

  1. “Legal Aspects of Coastal Security and Anti-Piracy” at Maritime Warfare Centre (2015, 2016, 2017, 2018).
  2. “Coastal Security” at the GeoIntelligence Asia 2016 Conference organised by Geospatial Media + Communication at India Expo Centre and Mart, Greater Noida (2016).
  3. “Legal Framework for Maritime Security in India: Challenges for Indian Navy” at the Navigation and Operations Seminar (NAVOPS), Navigation and Direction School, Kochi (2016).
  4. “Protecting Ships Against Pirates and Stand-off Attacks” at the Centre for Joint Warfare Studies (CENJOWS)-India Military Review (IMR) Seminar on ‘Force Protection India’ at DRDO Bhawan/ Maneckshaw Centre, New Delhi (2016, 2017, 2018).
  5. “Maritime Law and Challenges for a Commander at Sea” at Maritime Warfare Centre, Kochi (2017).
  6. “Maritime Security Governance for Coastal Security” at Gujarat National Law University (GNLU)-Gujarat Naval Area Seminar on ‘Coastal Security/ Port Security/ Marine Environment Protection/ Illegal Unregulated and Unrestricted Fishing’, GNLU, Gandhinagar (2018).
  7. “Maritime Terrorism and the Legal Framework” at the Maritime Warfare Centre (Kochi)-National Maritime Foundation Diamond Jubilee Seminar on ‘Maritime Law – Evolving Perspectives in Operations’, Maritime Warfare Centre,   Kochi (2018).
  8. “Workshop on Maritime Security Law” at Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC), Gurugram (2019).
  9. “Protecting Naval Assets against Attacks” at the Centre for Joint Warfare Studies (CENJOWS)-Indian Military Review Seminar on ‘Force Protection India 2019’ at Maneckshaw Centre, New Delhi (2019).
  10. “Maritime Governance and Challenges: A Perspective from India” at Maritime Information Sharing Workshop (MISW), Indian Ocean Region-Information Fusion Centre (IFC-IOR), Gurugram (2019).
  11. “Maritime Security Governance and Reform: A Perspective on India” at Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), KK Birla Campus, Goa (2019).
  12. “Coastal Security” at Round Table Discussion (RTD) on Coastal Security at National Maritime Foundation (2019).
  13. “Coastal Security: A Perspective from India” at the Inaugural NMF-International Institute for Migration and Security Research (IIMSR) dialogue on ‘Maritime Security Challenges: Sharing Perspectives’, National Maritime Foundation (2019).
  14. “Peacetime Maritime Security Operations: The Legal Conundrum” at the Indian Navy Law Seminar on Integrating Maritime Law in Maritime Military Missions, Maritime Warfare Centre, Mumbai, (2019).
  15. “Coastal Security and Defence: Challenges and Prospects” to the Naval Higher Command Course, Naval War College, Goa (2020).
  16. “India’s Coastal Security Conundrum” at the Institute of Contemporary Studies Bangalore (ICSB), the Chennai Centre for China Studies (C3S) and the Press Institute of India (PII) virtual conference titled “Deciphering China: The Maritime Context (2020)”
  17. “Threats & Trends in Port and National Infrastructure Security” at the 2nd NMF-International Institute for Migration and Security Research (IIMSR) dialogue (online) on 23 February 2021.
  18. “Regional Guidelines for Principal Maritime Security Agencies.” at the 3rd ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) Workshop on UNCLOS and other other International Instruments (online) on 02 June 2021.
  19. “Policy and Org Structures for Coastal Sec & Measures to Improve Them” to an Integrated Analysis Group (IAG) at the National Defence College on 27 September 2021
  20. “Coastal Security and Defence: Challenges and Prospects” to the Naval Higher Command Course, Naval War College, Goa (online) on 03 November 2021.
  21. “Resource and Information Sharing.” at the 5th EAS Conference on Maritime Security on 23 November 2021 (online).
  22. “Introduction to Operational Art” to the Naval Higher Command Course, Naval War College, Goa on 29 November 2021.
  23. “Indian Ocean Governance and Maritime Security: Addressing Gaps in Maritime Enforcement.” at the 3rd India-European Union Maritime Security Workshop on 02 December 2021 (online).
  24. Respondent for ‘Session I: Legal frameworks’ at the ARF Workshop on Law of the Sea and Fisheries on 07 December 2021 (online).
  25. “Conclusions drawn from NMF – CRIMARIO Webinar on “Synergising Maritime Domain Awareness in the IOR: The Prevailing State of Play” held on 16 June 2021 and the IPRD 4th panel on “Cooperative Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) Strategies within the Indo-Pacific” of 28 October 2021″  at the Joint India-EU Maritime Domain Awareness and Interoperability Workshop on 08 Dec 2021 (online).
  26. “Maritime Crime Investigation: Leveraging the Maritime Security Sector.”at the First International Conference on Maritime and Marine Crime Investigations: Forensics at Sea organised by the International Institute for Forensic and Security Studies, Lucknow on 13 February 2022 (online).
  27. “Governing the Homeland Dimension of India’s Maritime Security: Coastal Security,”  at the NMF workshop for International Liaison Officers at International Fusion Centre-Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR)  on 23 March 2022.
  28. “International Cooperation to Address Illicit Activities at Sea: An Indian Perspective’ at the EU Enhancing Security Cooperation With and In Asia (ESIWA)-Embassy of Greece in Indian-National Maritime Foundation (NMF) seminar on ‘Maritime Security and UNCLOS’ on 11 Apr 22 (online).
  29. “India’s coastal security:  Threats and Challenges” at the ‘National Conference on India’s Maritime Security: Issues and Challenges’ organised  by Mangalore University  & Institute for Contemporary Studies Bangalore (ICSB) on 07 June 2022 (online).
  30.  Briefing on “Maritime Domain Awareness [MDA] in the Indian Ocean Region” to officials of Vietnam Embassy on 19 July 2022 (Online).
  31. Talk on “Maritime Security and Law: Peacetime Operations at Sea” for Student Officers of the 78th Staff Course at the Defence Services Staff College (DSSC) on 12 Aug 22 (Online).
  32. Talk on  “Maritime Security and Law: Interplay of International and Domestic Laws’ for Student Officers of the 78th Staff Course at the Defence Services Staff College (DSSC) on 12 Aug 22 (Online).
  33. “Strengthening India’s Coastal Security and Recommendations,” in a webinar on  “India’s Non-Traditional Maritime Security Challenges”  organised by United Service Institution of India (USI) on 29 Aug 22 (Hydrid format).
  34. Briefing at the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) on “Coastal Security: Global Best Practices,” on 05 Sep 22.

 

All Publications

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INDIA @75: REFLECTIONS ON THE HOMELAND DIMENSIONS OF MARITIME SECURITY IN INDIA

Author: As India celebrates and commemorates 75 years of independence, it is also a moment to trace the events which shaped the development of the homeland dimensions of maritime security and to reflect on its evolution.  Evolving maritime threats, crises, and other developments have been catalysts for change, and ‘26/11’ in particular was a watershed.  The […]
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STRENGTHENING MARITIME SECURITY GOVERNANCE IN INDIA: A CASE FOR ‘STATE MARITIME SECURITY COORDINATORS’

Author: In February 2022, the Central Government appointed India’s first National Maritime Security Coordinator (NMSC).  The need for an apex-body for coordination was recommended way back in 2001 in the Report of the Group of Ministers on National Security and is a long pending reform which has the potential to transform maritime security governance in India. […]
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THE MARITIME SECURITY DIMENSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION-INDIA STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP: REVIEW OF THE 2020-25 ROADMAP

Author: As underscored by the leaders of European Union (EU) and India, at their recent meeting in April 2022, India, and Europe, two large and vibrant democratic societies, share similar values and a commonality of perspectives on several global issues.  The EU-India Strategic Partnership Roadmap 2020-25 is an action plan to strengthen the strategic partnership in […]
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STRENGTHENING NEARCOAST SEARCH AND RESCUE: A WHOLE-OF-SOCIETY APPROACH

Author: Coastal States are required to establish, operate and maintain effective Search and Rescue (SAR) services.  India’s responsibilities for such services, which begins from its coast, extends over an expansive region, and necessitates the use and coordination of all available national resources, including military resources. Collated data from over two years is indicative of the significant […]
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MARITIME DIMENSIONS OF SMUGGLING IN INDIA: AN ASSESSMENT

Author: Introduction In a series of articles published since 2020, assessments on non-traditional maritime security threats to India, such as armed robbery, climate change, drug trafficking have been made.  This article explores the maritime dimensions of smuggling in India, and is a follow-on to an earlier article of December 20201 that focused on the maritime dimensions […]
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BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION IN INDIA: THE SECURITY DIMENSION

Author: Biodiversity Conservation and Maritime Security Biological diversity, or biodiversity, is defined as the “variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.”[1]  In accordance with the Convention of Biodiversity […]
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DRUG TRAFFICKING IN INDIA: MARITIME DIMENSIONS

Author: Introduction  Earlier this month, on 04 December 2021, at an event to commemorate the 64th foundation day of the Department of Revenue Intelligence (DRI), the Honourable Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shrimati Nirmala Seetharaman, released the Smuggling in India Report 2020-21.[1]  The report bring out brings out that with a long coastline and numerous […]
MARITIME SAFETY AND SECURITY IN INDIA: FISHERIES “MCS” A KEY ENABLER Captain Himadri Das
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MARITIME SAFETY AND SECURITY IN INDIA: FISHERIES “MCS” A KEY ENABLER

Author: Introduction  India has close to 2,60,000 registered fishing vessels.[1]  These include deep-sea fishing vessels (61), motorised mechanical vessels (62,130), motorised non-mechanical vessels (1,40,272) and non-motorised/traditional boats (55,748).  These boats operate from 1,265 marine fish landing centres along the 7,516.6 kilometre (km) Indian coastline.[2]  Overall, it is estimated that around 54,00,000 fishers are employed full time […]
Buoy and lighthouse Aids to navigation AtoN
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MARITIME AIDS TO NAVIGATION IN INDIA: STRENGTHENING MARITIME DOMAIN AWARENESS AND SECURITY

Author: Introduction  On 02 March 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, while inaugurating the Maritime India Summit 2021, highlighted the government’s plan to develop tourism around lighthouses.[1] Later that month, during his monthly interaction with the nation – “Mann ki Baat” – he spoke about lighthouses and highlighted the government’s plan.[2]  On 09 April 2021, the Directorate […]
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MARITIME DOMAIN AWARENESS IN INDIA: SHIFTING PARADIGMS

Author: Introduction  Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) has been defined by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) as “the effective understanding of any activity associated with the maritime environment that could impact upon the security, safety, economy or environment.”[1]  The Indian Navy has described MDA as “an all-encompassing term that involves being cognisant of the position and intentions […]
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AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO COASTAL AND OFFSHORE DEFENCE: LEVERAGING THE COASTAL SECURITY CONSTRUCT

Author: Introduction  The second edition of Exercise SEA VIGIL, a two day pan-India biennial coastal defence exercise, was conducted on 12 and 13 January 2021.[1]  The exercise, which is India’s largest such exercise, was facilitated by central ministries and state governments, and is conducted in the build-up to the Indian Navy’s theatre-level war-fighting exercise TROPEX [Theatre-level […]
armed robbery at sea in India
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ARMED ROBBERY AT SEA IN INDIA: TRENDS AND IMPERATIVES

Author: Introduction  ‘Armed robbery against ships’ [hereinafter referred to as ‘armed robbery’] has been defined by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) as “any illegal act of violence or detention, or any act of depredation, or threat thereof, other than an act of “piracy”, committed for private ends and directed against a ship, or against persons or […]
COASTAL SECURITY IN INDIA: TWELVE YEARS AFTER ‘26/11’ Captain Himadri Das
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COASTAL SECURITY IN INDIA: TWELVE YEARS AFTER ‘26/11’

Author: INTRODUCTION It has been twelve years since the heinous attack on Mumbai on 26 November 2008. While ‘coastal border management’ was institutionalised in 2004 with the establishment of the Department of Border Management (DoBM) in the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), the management of coastal (and maritime) security in India underwent a paradigm shift after […]
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EXPANSION OF THE NATIONAL CADET CORPS IN COASTAL DISTRICTS: STRENGTHENING LOCAL CAPACITIES FOR MARITIME SECURITY

Author:  Introduction The genesis of the National Cadet Corps (NCC) is intricately linked to the India-Pakistan War of 1947-48.  The war highlighted the need for sufficient strength of reserves who could take up arms when required.  This found expression in the legislature (Constituent Assembly) through a demand for military training of the youth of the country.  […]
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COMMUNITY-ENGAGED MARITIME SECURITY: BEYOND ‘EYES AND EARS’

Author: In March 2018, as per media reports, Neil Basu, the Scotland Yard’s newly appointed Indian-origin Assistant Commissioner of Police responsible for counter-terrorism, launched a new campaign to urge the public to fight terrorism. According the report, of the nearly 31,000 reports made by the public in 2017, more than 6,600 (21.3 percent) resulted in ‘useful’ […]
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STRENGTHENING COASTAL SECURITY THROUGH COOPERATIVE FEDERALISM

Author: Tomorrow,  26  November  2016,  the  nation  will  observe  the  eight  anniversary  of  the ‘26/11’ Mumbai terrorist attacks. Precisely two months back on 26 September 2016, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) tabled its 2015 report on the General and   Social   Sector   (Government   of   Odisha)   in   the   State   Assembly.   The   report highlighted   that   the  […]
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UN SECURITY COUNCIL RENEWS MANDATE TO COMBAT PIRACY OFF SOMALIA: CALL FOR SUSTAINED INTERNATIONAL ACTION

Author: On  09  November  2016,  the  United  Nations  (UN)  Security  Council  unanimously adopted Resolution 2316 (2016), renewing authorisation for international naval forces to combat piracy off the Somali coast. The United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR)  comes days  after  the  announcement  by  the  European  Union  Naval  Force (EUNAVFOR), on 04 November 2016, of a confirmed attack […]
  • Himadri Das, Coastal Security: Policy Imperatives for India (New Delhi: National Maritime Foundation, 2019).

Indian Navy Doctrinal Publications

  • Strategic-level Doctrine: Core Team Ensuring Secure Seas: Indian Maritime Security Strategy
  • Operational-level Doctrine: Lead Author/ Doctrinal Development Officer for seven doctrines on diverse topics
  • Tactical-level Doctrine/ Publication: Lead Author/ Editor/ Contributor for six doctrines with a focus on Navigation and Direction

Indian Navy Publications

  • Eight articles in in-house journals/ publications of the Centre for Leadership and Behavioural Studies, Kochi; Navigation & Direction School, Kochi; and Signal School, Kochi.

Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) Publications

  • Essay Competition (2013), 2nd Prize: ‘Conventional Vs. Constabulary Roles: Where should the focus be for navies’