Energy-Insecurity and Mitigating Options

Discussions on Session 4 will deliberate the subject of “Energy-Insecurity and Mitigating Options”. The panellists in this session have been drawn from countries of the Indo-Pacific for whom this subject has particular relevance, with deliberate centrality being afforded to countries located in the western segment of the Indo-Pacific, such as South Africa, the UAE, and Tanzania, whose voices and perspectives are just as important as those from the more common ones heard in international fora. Thus, we would be hearing from domain-experts from (1) China (2) Japan (3) Kenya (4) Tanzania.

Our own Vice Chief of the Defence Staff (VCDS), Vice Admiral Hari Kumar, AVSM, VSM, IN, would moderate the discussions.

What we have asked each panellist to do is to provide his/her own answers to the following six questions:

(a) What maritime impact would the development of offshore gas fields (such as the Rovuma gas field, and those off Tanzania and Madagascar) have upon the present geopolitical centrality of the Persian Gulf sub-region?

(b) What challenges exist in the maritime transportation of natural gas (as a ‘bridging-strategy’ in the regional attempt to transition from oil-intensive economic growth to one fuelled mainly by renewable sources of energy)?

(c) How could navies and other maritime-security forces of the region best cooperate to mitigate insecurities in the maritime-transportation of petroleum-based energy within the Indo-Pacific?

(d) How real and how significant is the potential-morphing of maritime crime, piracy and terrorism in terms of the maritime-transportation of petroleum-based energy within the Indo-Pacific?

(e) How could navies and other maritime-security forces of the region best cooperate to mitigate insecurities in the import sources of petroleum-based energy?

(f) What is the impact — especially upon naval/maritime force-planning and operational-planning — of cooperative naval/mechanisms (such as IONS, WPNS, IOC, NAVAF-APS, MaSé, EUNAVFOR, etc.) for ensuring stability in the maritime areas through which oil/gas-bearing shipping currently pass?