Captain (Dr) Gurpreet Singh Khurana

Captain (Dr) Gurpreet Singh Khurana

Former Executive Director & Senior Fellow

Experience (As of October 2020)

Captain (Dr.) Gurpreet S Khurana is a serving missile warfare specialist and ship’s diver of the Indian Navy with nearly 30 years of commissioned service. He has held a variety of key staff and operational appointments and commanded two warships, which includes the Fast Attack Craft INS Tarmugli, which he commissioned in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands in 2002.

Since his Research Fellowship at IDSA (2004-2008), he has authored more than 50 papers on China’s maritime strategy; naval, strategic and geopolitical issues; maritime law and maritime history. He formulated seminal naval doctrine and strategy documents like Indian Maritime Doctrine 2009 and Handbook on Law of Maritime Operations in three volumes (2013), receiving the naval chief’s commendation. Accredited to be the first to use the term ‘Indo-Pacific’ in the contemporary geopolitical discourse, he has authored three books: “Maritime Forces in Pursuit of National Security” (2008), “Porthole: Geopolitical, Strategic and Maritime Terms and Concepts” (2016) and “The Indo-Pacific Region: The Emerging Geopolitical and Security Environment” (2018). He has also co-edited 11 books. From 2014 to 2019, he was Executive Director of NMF. He represented India as co-chair of the CSCAP Study Group on maritime and aeronautical SAR (2015-16), and as leader of Indian delegation at 4th Indian Ocean Dialogue at Abu Dhabi in Oct 17. He takes lectures for military higher command courses, and for University students in India and abroad. He is currently heading the Navy’s Centre on China Maritime Studies at Visakhapatnam, and is also a visiting Professor at the Naval War College, Goa. His work is available at

All Publications



Author: It has now been over a decade since the Mumbai terrorist attacks of November 2008 (26/11) undertaken by the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Tohiba (LeT) group. Since then, considerable efforts have been made to streamline India’s coastal security, including fostering functional synergy among the various agencies involved. However, recent reports indicate that the coastal security architecture is undergoing […]


Author: The  Belt  and  Road  Initiative  (BRI)  was  announced  by  President  Xi  Jinping  in  2013, comprising both the land-based Silk Road Economic Belt (launched in August 2013) and the 21st  Century  Maritime  Silk  Road  (introduced  in  September  2013).  The  initiative  was showcased in a manner that was too appealing to be ignored by the countries of […]


Author: Oddly, the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is a sub-regional grouping named after a sea body, but the graphics in its logo are devoid of blue colour. Of course, the etymology of BIMSTEC originated from the names of its members in 1997, but the fact remains all its members […]


Author: Introduction  The epic sea battles between aircraft carriers never recurred after the Second World War. In the post-war period, most carriers began to retire without even having participated in battle. Many countries that possessed carriers or were aspiring to do so thus began to re-assess the military-strategic utility of such platforms in the radically altered […]
the focus is on indo pacific- gurpreet khurana


Author: In the taxonomy of ‘Geopolitics’ and ‘Geo-strategy’, the prefix ‘geo’ refers to a country’s strategic geography, which is the core underpinning of its national-strategy. Geopolitics involves the satiation of the country’s geo-economic and other objectives, which are sought to be met through coherent geo-strategies in various domains. The military domain merely represents an ‘assurance’ and […]
maritime dimension of hybrid warfare 1


Author: (This is a revised extract of chapter titled “India’s Strategic Landscape, Hybrid Threats and Likely Operational Scenarios” jointly authored by Gurmeet Kanwal, Syed Ata Hasnain, Gurpreet S Khurana and Manmohan Bahadur, in Satish Kumar (ed.) India’s National Security: Annual Review 2016-17 (Routledge India: December 2017) Introduction To address its maritime dimension, it is essential to […]


Author: During the ‘Raisina Dialogue’ held in March 2016 at New Delhi, Admiral Harry Harris, the Commander of United States (US) Pacific Command (CINCPAC) referred to the first ever tri-lateral (Australia, Japan and India) 1 ministerial discussions held in September 2015, which had addressed “maritime security – including freedom of navigation patrols”, and proposed “expanding this […]
  1. Economic Dimension of US ‘Rebalance’: A ‘Back-Door’ to China’s Containment? View Point, 29 May 14
  2. Philippines-Indonesia Maritime Boundary Agreement: an Analysis View Point, 30 May 14
  3. India’s Maritime Neighbourhood Policy Brief, Jul 14
  4. Malabar Naval Exercises: Trends and Tribulations Issue Brief, 05 Aug 14
  5. US-Japan Disaster Response Plans in Asia: A View from the Indian Ocean Region’ View Point, 13 Nov 14
  6.  China in the Arctic: Awaiting the ‘Rising Tide’? View Point ,23 Dec 14
  7. The Maritime ‘Rise’ of Indonesia: Indicators, Intentions and Inferences View Point, 16 Jan 15
  8. India’s Approach to China’s Maritime Silk Road: An Alternative View View Point, 17 Feb 15
  9. India Needs Sea-based ‘Active’ Deterrence against State-Sponsored Terrorism View Point, 25 Mar 15
  10. China’s MSR: Beyond Economics, NMF View-Point, 16 Apr 15
  11. India Yemen Evacuation: An Evolving Doctrine, NMF Issue Brief, 21 May 15
  12. China Challenges the Unipolar World Order: An Assessment of China’s Defence White Paper 2014, NMF View-Point, 03 Jun 15
  13. China’s Yuan-class Submarine Visits Karachi: An Assessment  NMF View-Point, 24 Jul 15
  14. Sea-based’ PLA Navy may not need ‘String of Pearls’ in the Indian Ocean’ NMF View-Point, 03 Aug 15
  15. Indo-Asia Pacific’ Explained: ‘An Assessment of US Maritime Strategy 2015’  NMF View-Point, 21 Aug 15
  16. AUSINDEX-2015: Australia ‘Pivots’ to the Indian Ocean NMF View-Point, 12 Oct 15
  17. Net Security Provider’ Defined: An Analysis of India’s New Maritime Strategy-2015 NMF View-Point, 23 Nov 15
  18. South Sea Fleet: The Emerging ‘Lynchpin’ of China’s Naval Power Projection in the Indo-Pacific NMF Issue Brief, 10 Feb 16.
  19. First China-India Maritime Dialogue: Beyond ‘Icebreaking’ NMF View-Point, 23 Feb 16.
  20. Indian Navy Updates Indian Maritime Doctrine 2009 NMF View-Point, 22 Mar 16
  21. 22 America’s Expectation versus India’s Expediency: India as a Regional ‘Net Security Provider’ NMF View-Point, 04 Apr16
  22. China and Freedom of Navigation in South China Sea: The Context of International Tribunal’s Verdict NMF View-Point, 19 July16
  23. Indo-US Logistics Agreement LEMOA: An Assessment NMF View-Point, 08 Sep16
  24. China delivers Submarines to Bangladesh: Imperatives, Intentions and Implications NMF View-Point, 28 Nov 16
  25. Will Donald Trump Rebalance the ‘Rebalance to Asia’? NMF View-Point, 18 Jan 17
  26. The ‘Indo-Pacific’ Concept: Retrospect and Prospect NMF Issue Brief, 02 Feb 17
  1. China’s Maritime-strategic Presence in IOR: Geopolitical, Geoeconomic and Security Import Maritime Affairs,Winter 2014
  2. China as an Indian Ocean Power: Trends and Implications Maritime Affairs, Summer Edition 2016
  3. China, India and ‘Maritime Silk Road: Seeking a Confluence’ Maritime Affairs, Spring 2015
  4. A Void and a Challenge: Rules of Engagement at Sea in Low-Intensity Conflict Environment Maritime Affairs, Winter 2016
  5.  “Multilateral Structures in the Indian Ocean: Review and Way Ahead”, Maritime Affairs (Routledge), ISSN: 0973-3159, Summer 2018.
  1. Porthole: A Compendium of Geopolitical, Strategic and Maritime Terms and Concepts’ Pentagon Press, New Delhi: 2015
  2. 5 India-Singapore Defence Cooperation: Exploring Strategic and Functional Compatibilities, RSIS, Singapore Edited Book.
  3. The Evolving Security Environment in the Asia’ in Gurpreet Khurana and Antara Ghoshal (eds.) India and China: Exploring Convergences in Asia’ NMF, New Delhi, 2015
  4. Geopolitics of China’s ‘Maritime Silk Road’ Concept: An Indian Perspective’ NMF-RSIS Edited Book titled ‘China’s Maritime Silk Road and Asia’, 2016.
  5. China in the Indian Ocean: Foreign Policy and Maritime Power’, in Vijay Sakhuja and Kapil Narula (eds.), Maritime Dynamics in the Indo-Pacific, 2016
  6. Common Public Good at Sea: Evolving Architecture in the Indo-Pacific Region’, in Vijay Sakhuja and Kapil Narula (eds.) 2016), Partnering Across Oceans (NMF, New Delhi: pp.63-72. ISBN: 978-81-930159-4-0
  7. China in the Indian Ocean: Foreign Policy and Maritime Power” Published in Vijay Sakhuja & Kapil Narula (eds.) Maritime Dynamics in the Indo-Pacific (Vij Books India/ NMF, New Delhi: 2016)
  8. Geopolitics of China’s ‘Maritime Silk Road’ Concept: An Indian Perspective Published in Vijay Sakhuja & Jane Chan (eds.) China’s Maritime Silk Road and Asia (Vij Books India/ NMF, New Delhi: 2016)
  9. Maritime Perspectives 2016 (Edited Book) Edited Book with Dr Vijay Sakhuja
    34 India-China Convergences in Asia (Dialogue Series) (NMF-AWW) Capt (Dr) Gurpreet S Khurana & Ms Antara Ghosal Singh
  10. Porthole: Geopolitical, Strategic & Maritime Terms & Concepts (Book). Book: Capt (Dr) Gurpreet S Khurana
  11. Maritime Perspectives – 2015 Book: Dr Vijay Sakhuja & Capt Gurpreet S Khurana
  12. “The ‘Indo-Pacific’ Idea: Origins, Conceptualisations and the Way Ahead”, Published in ‘The Indo-Pacific Report 2019’ (February 2019: National Maritime Foundation, New Delhi)
  1. The Emerging Threat of ‘Maritime Jihad’ off India’s Western Seaboard’, Defence and Security Alert DSA Journal, April 2015
  2. Maritime Security Challenges Seminar  670 Journal, June 2015
  3. “What is the Indo-Pacific? The New Geopolitics of the Asia-Centred Rim Land”, at https://www.ispionline. it/sites/default/files/ pubblicazioni/indo-pacific_web_0.pdf Published by Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale (ISPI) (Institute for International Political Studies) as lead chapter, in Axel Berkofski and Sergio Miracola (eds.) Geopolitics by Other Means. The Indo-Pacific Reality (February 2019: Ledizioni LediPublishing, Milano, Italy),
  4. “India as a Challenge to China’s BRI”, Asia Policy, National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR), Seattle, Washington DC, Volume 14(2), Apr 19, pp. 27-33, at