• :
  • :

                                                                          
       

INDIA'S POTENTIAL OF MARITIME GOOD NEEDS PROMPT ACTION



Author : C.Uday Bhaskar


The seventh East Asia Summit (EAS) that concluded in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, on November 20, 2011, offers certain maritime possibilities for India to impart greater content to its two-decade-old 'Look East' policy — one conceived by late Prime Minister Narasimha Rao and his then-finance minister Manmohan Singh.

It is appropriate that Manmohan Singh has now been given this rare opportunity as the Prime Minister and his personal commitment to this major Indian policy initiative is palpable. While the 'east' has an inclusive geographical expanse that covers distant Japan and South Korea, it is the ASEAN collective that is at the core of the Indian 'Look East' policy. Over the years, Delhi's tentative linkages with its south-east Asian neighbours have become more robust and sustained — albeit quantitatively more modest in relation to what China currently enjoys in trade and economic determinants.

The EAS, launched in 2005 at Kuala Lumpur under Malaysian aegis, had envisaged a regional grouping of 16 states including India. At the time Chinese reservations about admitting Delhi were overcome by the concerted efforts of Japan, Indonesia, Vietnam and Singapore. But the first few EAS summits did not include the US — the security guarantor to many Asia-Pacific nations who were part of this effort. However given the altered dynamic in the extended south-east Asia, more nations were admitted progressively and both the US and Russia joined the EAS in 2011.

Thus, the EAS in many ways reflects the core of the Asian resurgence of the 21st century and it is instructive to note that barring the European Union and Latin America — either as collective or individual states — all the major powers are represented. In short, the EAS has gone well beyond the exclusive and limited contour that was envisioned by Malaysia and China in the conceptual stage.

The most complex challenge for ASEAN, which prioritises the agenda for the EAS, remains the Chinese claims over islands in the South China Sea. The Philippines and Vietnam have challenged the Beijing position of claiming sole ownership of these islands and this had led to an unprecedented impasse in July this year. The ASEAN foreign ministers meeting, for the first time in 45 years, did not reach consensus and was, hence, unable to issue a joint statement.

In the interregnum from July to November, there has been a leadership change in China — though PM Wen Jiabao attended what will be his last EAS meeting. The perception was that the ASEAN states would not raise the territorial disputes in deference to Beijing's sensitivities and more consensual issues would be addressed.

However, much to the dismay of the hosts — Cambodia and its patron, China — the Philippines and Vietnam were vocal about their own concerns and this was echoed by Japan in relation to the East China Sea island dispute. Thus, US President Barack Obama — making his first international appearance after re-election — was able to exhort the EAS forum to respect international law and the freedom of navigation.

This is the equivalent of the red rag to the Beijing bull and while China may have succeeded in creating a rift within ASEAN — with some states being more receptive to it (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and to an extent Thailand) — the communist giant was unable to prevent the so-called 'internationalising' of these contentious territorial disputes.

Thus, it was prudent of PM Singh to maintain a fine balance and encourage his interlocutors that "together, we can create an open, balanced, inclusive and rule-based architecture in the region for our collective security, stability and prosperity". It is evident that the EAS states excluding China and the few that have been drawn into Beijing's orbit are keen to include the US and India into this rule based security architecture.

Given the centrality of the energy determinant and the nature of the maritime domain that links India to the 'east' — as also the 'west', the summit statements contain a significant reference to the potentialities that exist at sea for more substantive cooperative engagement.

The elusive code of conduct for the South China Sea that will be binding on all parties was again mooted and while this may 'tether' Beijing — both Tokyo and Delhi have good reason to monitor the fine-print. This could well be the Helsinki variant for East Asia and China's response will be instructive for the US, Japan and India.

The Cambodia EAS also witnessed the US acceding to the Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ships and supported the Expanded ASEAN Maritime Forum that envisages greater coordination among members states including piracy, health of the maritime environment, resource management and related capacity building.

Many issues were flagged at the EAS but India has the pedigree and the post-2004 'tsunami credibility halo' to identify certain proven niches in the maritime domain where it can meaningfully contribute to some of the agreements arrived at. But the challenge will be in Delhi — to implement 'swiftly' — so that the next EAS acknowledges India's ability to contribute to the collective good of its maritime neighbourhood.

(C Uday Bhaskar is a Senior Fellow at the National Maritime Foundation. He can be contacted at cudayb@gmail.com . This article first appeared in The Economic Times on November 22, 2012.)
why women cheat on husbands reasons why husband cheat read here
vacuum abortion early termination pregnancy pill why have an abortion
abortion at 15 weeks dallas abortion clinics vacuum abortion procedure
urine test for chlamydia signs of an std in men gonorrhea treatment
symptoms of an std in women click std on tongue pictures
abortion at 14 weeks west-bot.com how to terminate early pregnancy at home
why do i want my wife to cheat on me open my wife cheated on me now what do i do
online affair I cheated on my boyfriend married men who cheat with men
reason why husband cheat beautiful women cheat women want men
percent of women that cheat site how to cheat wife
free adult bondage pictures stories group sex stories with pictures indian sex stories com
spy android solluna.somee.com free phone spy software
walgreens photo coupons code read free grocery coupons
walgreens photo coupon code free prints rx coupons printable walgreens coupon online
walgreens photo coupon in store printable coupons for medications prescription cards
walgreens pharmacy coupons 2015 coupons for free walgreen photo coupon code
side effects from ciprofloxacin ciprofloxacin hydrochloride 500 mg ciprofloxacin 500mg tablets
define dilation and curettage read where can i get an abortion pill
rite aid load to card link rite aid coupon code
walgreens code photo walgreens print coupon walgreens photo promo code 2015
valacyclovir pill link propecia 1mg
propecia 1mg ilkpirlantam.com sildenafil citrate 200mg
coupon for free viagra go drug discount coupons
canada drug pharmacy coupon blog.alpacanation.com drug coupons
prescription transfer coupon pfizer coupons for viagra online viagra coupons
how much does it cost to have an abortion abortion pill where can i get the abortion pill
cialis dosage information open cialis for women dosage
free cialis coupon 2016 codesamples.in cialis coupon free
free coupon for cialis free prescription cards discount prescription coupons
cialis discount coupons cialis sample coupon prescription coupon card
metformin 850 mg click metformin
naproxen 500 naproxen saft naproxen
cyklokapron compendium cyklokapron monographie cyklokapron compendium
how much is the abortion pill how much is abortion pill free abortions
abortion pill over the counter vittimestradabrescia.org abortion atlanta
abortion video read abortion techniques
surgical abortion read pro abortion
coupon printing sites link coupons online free
research paper on abortion site facts against abortion
feldene precio feldene gel feldene flas
online cialis coupons pathakwavecurecenter.com free cialis coupon 2016
amoxicillin endikasyonlar amoxicillin dermani haqqinda amoxicillin 500 mg
non surgical abortion pill achieveriasclasses.com different types of abortion pill
cheap cialis cialis cialis discount
duphaston tablete kako se piju duphaston tablete duphaston forum
free abortion pill abortion pill facts abortion pill complications
about abortion pill chemical abortion pill definition of abortion pill
voltaren gel voltaren krem fiyat voltaren
non surgical abortion pill abortion pill information abortion pill complications
clomid proviron pct clomid cycle clomid testosterone
acetazolamide migraine acetazolamide sivuvaikutukset acetazolamide symptoms
cialis discounts coupons cialis coupon free cialis discount coupons online
information on abortion pill supermaxsat.com medical abortion cost
vermox doziranje vermox tablete nuspojave vermox doziranje
nootropil 800 g nootropil wiki nootropil cena
how much does an abortion pill cost achrom.be different types of abortion pill
abortion pill information abortion pill methods teen abortion pill
lamisil para que sirve lamisil crema lamisil para que sirve
duphaston tablete kako se piju duphaston tablete kako se piju duphaston
how much does an abortion pill cost buy abortion pill home abortion pill methods
priligy thailand avonotakaronetwork.co.nz priligy kokemuksia
chemical abortion pill lakeerengallery.com abortion pill quotes
coupon for free cialis cialis coupons printable coupon for prescriptions
cost for an abortion abortion pill side effects where to get an abortion pill
cialis manufacturer coupon cialis.com coupon discount prescription coupons
free cialis coupons cialis coupons printable coupon for cialis
cost for an abortion arborawning.com abortion pill costs
abortion pill services continentalnord.com how much is the abortion pill
prescription transfer coupon coupons prescriptions cialis coupons free
amoxicillin-rnp amoxicilline amoxicillin 1000 mg
flagyl flagyl flagyl precio
does vivitrol block alcohol click heroin detox
how does ldn work link doctors who prescribe naltrexone
nalterexone does naltrexone help with withdrawal is naltrexone safe
naltrexone injection for opiate addiction naltrexone pharmacy revia dosage
naltrexone pellet side effects click naltrexone uk