Author : C.Uday Bhaskar

The third anniversary of the terrorist-fidayeen attack that scorched Mumbai on November 26, 2008 resulting in the death of 170 innocents and injuring more than 700 people is behind us. India exhorted Pakistan to act "decisively" in the prosecution of the perpetrators even as homage and tributes were paid across the country.

But the outlook is bleak. The fact that the Home Ministry has issued a general alert prior to the anniversary is part of this insecurity that has been engendered in India. It may be recalled that in 2010, at the time of the second anniversary there were similar apprehensions. Yes, it is true that there has been no repeat of Mumbai over the last three years and this is a reflection of the improved security procedures and constant surveillance by the police and other agencies – but the pattern is tenuous.

A large democracy like India will remain inherently vulnerable to a determined terrorist attack, especially by the suicide-bomber fidayeen type of perpetrator and this is the abiding challenge to the Indian security establishment. Post November 2008, the central and state governments – Maharashtra particularly – announced a slew of policy measures to ostensibly plug the many gaps in the national security grid – but the results have been modest.

While a certain degree of improved coordination between the Navy and the Coast Guard - and some coastal states - has been evidenced, the larger strategic backdrop that led to the Mumbai attack in the first place is cause for concern. For India, the first sponsored terrorist attack on Mumbai took place in March 1993 – a few months after the Babri Masjid demolition in December 1992 – and over the years there have been attacks on the city in 2002, 2003 and 2006 before peaking in November 2008. And Mumbai is one of the many targets of terrorist violence directed against India.

This proxy war is part of the strategy of investing in religious extremism leading to terror, that has been adopted by the Pakistani establishment and from all accounts, there is little change in this position. On Tuesday (Nov 22), the Minister of State for Home Affairs Jitendra Singh informed the Lok Sabha: “ As per available intelligence inputs, Pakistan-based terrorist outfits, particularly Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammed, Hijbul Mujahideen etc., continue to receive support from ISI."

While there has been some improvement of relations with Pakistan in the recent past - as for instance in the IAF helicopter incident and the granting of MFN status for trade - it appears that this is more of a tactical nature and does not imply the change of mindset in the Pak establishment that will make the strategic difference to the challenge of terrorism.

Two illustrations of this unchanged attitude to terrorism in the Pakistani state were discernible over the last month. At the Male SAARC Summit, Pakistani Interior Minister Rehman Malik adroitly shifted the onus for the entire Mumbai attack to the ‘non-state’ entity, urged the death penalty for Kasab - and thereby distanced the Pakistan establishment from any kind of involvement let alone support to these groups that goes back to 1993 - based on investigations carried out by Indian agencies.

The second incident which points to the Pakistani security agencies complicity has emerged in the Headley related testimony and other reports where it has been revealed that Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, the LeT chief arrested for the brutal attacks in India, was still directing Lashkar operations while in Pakistani custody. It has been reported by American sources that Gen. Kayani rejected the U.S. suggestion that at the very least Lakhvi's access to a cell-phone should be immediately withdrawn.

Further reluctance by the Pakistan establishment to effectively contain terror groups was seen as recently as Thursday (Nov 24) in Lahore, where the Jamat ud Dawa (JuD) organized a large protest against the granting of MFN status to India and issued a warning to the Pakistani state for doing so. The shrill anti-India rhetoric that is either actively supported by the Pakistani state - or tacitly endorsed – is at the core of the strategic challenge for India and the global community that has been directly affected by terror and Islamic extremism.

How can the Pakistani military be prevailed upon - or compelled to change its strategy and desist from supporting terror? This was the central issue in the January 2004 Vajpayee-Musharraf agreement between India and Pakistan and Delhi has been consistent in exhorting Islamabad to deliver on this commitment. But while Delhi is in dialogue with Islamabad and the civilian leadership - Rawalpindi – the HQ of the Pak military clearly is a reluctant partner in improving ties with India or stopping support to terror groups.

It merits recall that even the USA has been unable to find the right mix of carrots and sticks to make Rawalpindi alter its strategy of investing in terror.

Concurrently there is increasing assertiveness by the various groups that subscribe to the Islamist ideology espoused by the al-Qaeda or the Taliban and the discourses within Pakistan are instructive. The Pakistani Taliban and their support base is threatening to fulfil its supra-national agenda of imposing a ‘sharia’ system through a caliphate - and while this is often seen as a fringe group – their determination and ruthlessness to realize their objective is not to be ignored. The patterns emerging from the Arab world, wherein conservative/right-wing Islamic parties are gaining popular support is part of this increased contestation about Islam and its practice.

Thus the aftermath of the third anniversary of Mumbai's 26/11 ought to lead to a far more sombre and objective assessment about the threats and challenges that India needs to address and the need for a bi-partisan political approach to matters of national security.

(C Uday Bhaskar is the Senior Research Fellow at the National Maritime Foundation. This article first appeared in the Reuters on November 27, 2011)
click here husbands who cheat read here
reasons why women cheat on their husbands click wife cheat story
did my husband cheat is it my fault my husband cheated
why men have affairs women that cheat on their husbands women who like to cheat
cheat on my boyfriend would you cheat on your boyfriend should i cheat on my boyfriend
i need to cheat on my girlfriend guy cheated on girlfriend with me my girlfriend cheated on me but i still love her
reason why husband cheat why women cheat with married men dating for married people
will my husband cheat again will my husband cheat again
kr vijaya sex stories open teen sex stories
illustrated adult stories adult audio stories stories of train sex
drugs coupons site rx discounts coupons
rx prescription coupons walgreens online coupon codes
drugs coupons walgreens photo coupons code walgreens photo promo code
discount rx coupons read pharmacy transfer coupons
walgreen printable coupon walgreens pharmacy coupons 2015 walgreens coupons online
doxycycline valacyclovir 1g
cialis medicament prix cialis medicament prix cialis medicament prix
cialis low price cialis prescription discount card coupons for cialis
internet drug coupons coupons for cialis 2016 prescription transfer coupon
jasmine trinca link jasmine pilchard-gosnell
kamagra open kamagra jelly
citalopram hydrobromide 20mg open citalopram hydrobromide side effects
nizoral read nizoral kokemuksia
cyklokapron cyklokapron dosering
motilium et grossesse go motilium eureka
types of abortion abortion pro life abortion clinics in richmond va
amoxicillin 1000 mg amoxicillin 1000 mg amoxicillin
loette 21 comprimidos loette pildora loette diario
lamisilate bula lamisil
abortion pill costs costs of abortion pill methods of abortion pill
dilation and curettage procedure pill to terminate pregnancy
rezeptfreie potenzmittel viagra kaufen ohne rezept viagra ohne rezept bestellen
cheap cialis cialis cialis discount
duphaston tablete kako se piju duphaston forum duphaston forum
free abortion pill abortion pill information abortion pill complications
about abortion pill definition of abortion pill
viagra online viagra online viagra prodej
non surgical abortion pill abortion pill complications
vermox cena vermox prodej vermox spc
cialis free sample coupons free cialis coupon cialis sample coupon
duphaston i ovulacija duphaston 10 mg duphaston tablete za odgodu menstruacije
abortions cost herbal abortion pill
abortion pill pros and cons abortion pill clinics in md
crestor savings coupon crestor savings card 2013 crestor 20 mg
costs of abortion pill information about abortion pill
duphaston tablete duphaston duphaston forum
cost of medical abortion late term abortion pill clinics early abortion pill options
duphaston tablete duphaston cijena bez recepta duphaston tablete kako se piju
feldene flas para que sirve feldene capsulas feldene ampolla
discount coupons for prescriptions coupons for prescription medications
voltaren nedir voltaren nedir voltaren ampul
cost for an abortion abortion pill articles where to get an abortion pill
cialis coupon 2015 coupon cialis cialis coupons from lilly
discount prescription coupons cialis coupons from lilly cialis discount coupons online
addyi wikipedia addiyan chuk chuk addyi
cialis discount coupons online cialis discounts coupons discount prescription coupons
low dose naltrexone anxiety naltrexone classification naltrexone contraindications
low dose naloxone opioid antagonists for alcohol dependence alcohol blocker
how long does revia stay in your system where to buy naltrexone
revia tablets low dose naltrexone ankylosing spondylitis
memantin iskustva memantin base memantin tablete
amlodipin 5 mg pris amlodipin orion amlodipin reflux

Back To Top