Author : C.Uday Bhaskar

India and the United States have been in rapid, high-level political contact and dialogue over the last 10 days and this pattern will continue as Indian Foreign Minister S.M. Krishna leads a composite ministerial team to Washington for the next Strategic Dialogue on June 13.

On June 2, the Defense Minister A.K. Antony was in Singapore for the annual Shangri-la Dialogue that brings regional defense ministers together and, soon after that, Delhi hosted U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta (June 6) on his first visit to India since assuming this position.

Concurrently, India has also been in dialogue with the Chinese leadership as part of the SCO deliberations and again, Krishna was in Beijing (June 6) and had what appear to be satisfactory consultations with the new Chinese political leadership that is expected to take over the reins of government in Beijing later in the year.

It is instructive that while China was the focus of attention in the Shangri-la Dialogue, where the South China Sea and the assertive profile adopted by Beijing received considerable attention and comment, the Chinese leadership chose not to participate at a high political level – and sent a relatively junior official.

The U.S., represented by its Defense Minister equivalent, Panetta, made some very robust and unambiguous assertions in Singapore about the U.S. strategic intent to “re-balance” towards the Asia-Pacific. In military terms, it means that up to 60 percent of U.S. naval assets would be positioned in this theater – which is the Pacific-Indian Ocean combine, also now being referred to as the Indo-Pacific continuum. The U.S. also reiterated that while it has no intention of seeking to “contain” China, it supported the concept of freedom of the seas and the commitment to respect international maritime legislation and related norms.

The Indian stance on maritime freedoms, as outlined by Defense Minister Antony, was along the same lines – that maritime freedom should be ensured in the South China Sea – the sub-text being that no single state could claim exclusive sovereignty and restrict the rights of others.

Thus by the time Panetta was in Delhi, the nature of the U.S.-India relationship received extensive comment and interpretation and his public remarks that the U.S. perceived India as “a lynchpin” in America’s unfolding new defence strategy were translated to mean that India was now joining the U.S. in seeking to “contain” China.

However, this view was denied and dispelled by both Panetta and his Indian counterpart – even as there were irate murmurs from Beijing about the new U.S. strategy towards the Asia-Pacific. The nature of the complex triangular relationship between China, the U.S. and India was reflected in the manner in which the Foreign Minister Krishna was received in Beijing for the SCO meeting.

Vice premier Li Keqiang, who is slated to take over as the next Prime Minster of China, conveyed to his Indian guest that Sino-Indian ties would be the most important bilateral relationship in the 21st Century. Astute observers may recall that U.S. President Barack Obama, while addressing the Indian Parliament, had characterised the ties between the world’s oldest and largest democracies as the “defining partnership of 21st century”.

In short, India has acquired the status of an important swing-state in the complex and contradictory relationship between the U.S. and China on one hand, and has the distinction of enjoying a robust strategic partnership with Moscow – going back to the last phase of the Cold War decades, when China chose to be part of the U.S. led constituency that was ranged against the former USSR.

Despite the many challenges it has had to face and the more recent political dissonance that is associated with the ruling United Progressive Alliance (UPA), Delhi, since the stewardship of Prime Minister Narasimha Rao, has been adroit in ensuring that it has had either stable or very good relations with the major powers – that is, the U.S., Russia, EU, Japan, and to a reasonable extent, with China.

Over the next year, there will be complex domestic political factors at play in the U.S., China and the EU nations – even as Russia consolidates under President Putin. How Moscow proposes to position itself on various global and regional issues was on display briefly in Beijing at the SCO meeting.

Three bilaterals will be critical for the strategic orientation of the increasingly globalised international order over the next three decades. These are: U.S.-China, U.S.-Russia and Russia-China. On current evidence, the first two axes are likely to be testy and turbulent; complex and contradictory. The U.S. has to assuage both Russia and China about its strategic profile and presence against the backdrop of a major fiscal and economic decline in its overall national power index.

Paradoxically, Moscow and Beijing may draw closer to resist the U.S. and this would be a re-play of the shifting affinities in the Cold War era. India will have to study these complex and inter-related bilaterals both objectively and with informed perspicacity. While Delhi has identified strategic “autonomy” as an abiding objective, its policy options will range from the cooperative to the competitive -- and the challenge will be to ensure that they do not inadvertently slip towards the confrontational.

While globalisation introduces its own dynamic, where the primacy of the state has to yield to the macro non-state entity, managing contradictory and contrarian impulses and undercurrents is the new challenge for the India-U.S. relationship. Welcome to the “contra-polar” world and its attendant policy challenges which will be on display in Washington this week.

(C Uday Bhaskar is Adviser, South Asia Monitor and Senior Research Fellow at the National Maritime Foundation. He can be contacted at This article first appeared in South Asia Monitor on June 10, 2012.)
click here read here read here
how to get hiv aids international aid organizations hiv transmission statistics
urine test for chlamydia signs of an std in men gonorrhea treatment
free aids testing aids testing at home aids treatment news
cheat on my husband reasons women cheat wives who cheat
mens symptoms of chlamydia where to get std test free std
did my husband cheat is it my fault my husband cheated
why men have affairs women that cheat on their husbands women who like to cheat
cheat on my boyfriend click should i cheat on my boyfriend
my husband and i both cheated i cheated on my husband and never told him
why people cheat reasons wives cheat on husbands
should i tell my husband i cheated i cheated on my husband and never told him just found out my husband cheated on me
free pharmacy card walgreens promo code photo prescription drugs discount card
new york abortion laws link real abortion stories
walgreens code photo go walgreens photo promo code 2015
proscar pill go synthroid 200mcg
best pharmacy discount card site new prescription coupon
gabapentin 600mg acyclovir 800mg
discount coupons for viagra go viagra manufacturer coupon
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
cialis dose vs viagra cialis dosage for bph cialis dosage for 170 pounds
acheter viagra en toute acheter viagra en toute acheter viagra en toute
cialis prescription price cialis coupon free coupons for cialis 5mg
free cialis coupon 2016 prescription drug discount cards cialis coupon free
internet drug coupons site prescription transfer coupon
mpa in n/mm2 mpa stellen
aldactone compendium aldactone compendium aldactone avis
cialis cvs coupon cheap cialis
etodolac abuse etodolac 400 mg etodolac
risperdal nebenwirkung risperdal absetzen
tenormin efectos secundarios tenormin classification
free discount prescription card coupon for prescriptions cialis coupon lilly
transfer prescription coupon discount prescriptions coupons cialis free sample coupons
discount prescriptions coupons coupons for prescription medications lilly coupons for cialis
amoxicillin dermani haqqinda amoxicillin 500 mg
free abortion pill abortion pill information abortion pill complications
vermox doziranje vermox 100mg
coupons for cialis cialis 2015 coupon cialis savings and coupons
coupons for cialis lilly cialis coupons
cialis free sample coupons lilly cialis coupon cialis sample coupon
nootropil 800 g nootropil wiki nootropil cena
lamisil para que sirve lamisil para que sirve
duphaston tablete duphaston duphaston forum
cost of medical abortion late term abortion pill clinics early abortion pill options
vermox mikor hat vermox pret vermox prospect
how late can you get an abortion pill abortion pill cost
nootropil review nootropil 1200
vermox doziranje vermox bez recepta vermox suspenzija
types of abortion pill price of an abortion pill
cialis 100 mg cialis 20 cialis 20
how to terminate early pregnancy at home abort clinic medications during pregnancy
coupon discount codes coupons code grocery coupon sites
cialis discount coupon lilly cialis coupons discount prescriptions coupons
discount prescription drug card prescription coupons
does vivitrol block alcohol heroin detox
low dose naltrexone lyme naltrexone and naloxone
low dose naltrexone australia injectable naltrexone naltrexone weight gain
nalterexone open is naltrexone safe
naltrexone pellets ldn and depression naltrexone immune system
vivitrol shot side effects what is vivitrol can u drink on vivitrol
naltrexone cocaine does naltrexone stop cravings ldn info
naltexone naltrexone fda vivtrol shot

Back To Top